50 Timeless Scientists

50 Timeless Scientists

English | ISBN: 8122310303 | 2008 | PDF | 191 Pages | 12 MB

Here we have scientists who missed Nobel Prize and those whom Nobel missed. A Nobel Prize awarded to Pauling was branded as an insult! But he is the only one to receive two unshared Nobels. Bardeen promised Swedish king that he would return and he did for another Nobel. An agricultural Scientist received a Peace Nobel Prize. Yes! What is peace without food? Barbara Mcclintock refused to publish her papers anguished at the hostile scientific community, but Nobel committee discovered her in 1983.

Then we have scientists who received awards in prison cells, scientists who made discoveries in the prison cells. Tesla was thrown out of his own labs, cheated by another great man but his alternating current runs our homes now. Carlson went from pillar to post with his photocopy machine and sooner or later we may have a Xerox of human being. Townes received the revelation for LASER on a park bench. When Maiman made the practical Laser, a Hollywood actress wondered if it is a death Ray.
Medicines from Jenner, Pasteur and the like consigned some diseases to history. If only Subba Rao lived a few years more, he would have killed some more diseases. A trio of scientists transformed the twentieth century by inventing the transistor. To top it all, a scientist who was not allowed to go on a holiday invented the microchip.
A school teacher testified in the court to save his old student, Fansworth from greedy corporations for his rightful invention, the television. Davy openly accepted his student as his greatest discovery, Michael Faraday indeed!
New York Times reversed its ridicule ladled out on a rocket scientist after 40 years only after man landed on the moon. Pauli discovered Neutrinos but could not believe their existence. When proved, he kept his promise of champagne casket.
You have them all! It is not a weary chronology of oft repeated Einstein or Newton but a delightful journey into the biographies some of the unsung heroes through their trials and tribulations, eurekas and euphorias, their pleasures and pains, and their dreams and delusions.

01. Amar Bose (Bose Systems) 9
02. Aryabhatta (Mathematician and Astronomer) 13
03. Barbara Mc Clintock (Genius Genetist) 16
04. Benjamin Peary Paul (Father of Roses) 20
05. Bhaskaracharya (Mathematician and Astrologer) 23
06. C. N. R. Rao (Material Chemist) 27
07. C. R. Rao (Rao Theorems) 31
08. Charles Goodyear (Vulcanisation) 34
09. Charles H. Townes (Laser) 38
10. Charles Kettering (Automobile Inventions) 41
11. Chestor Carlson (Photocopy Machine) 44
12. E. C. G. Sudarshan (Tachyons) 48
13. Edward Jenner (Vaccination) 52
14. Felix Hoffman (Aspirin and Heroin) 55
15. Howard Florey (Production of Penicillin) 58
16. Humphrey Davy (Davy Lamp) 62
17. J. B. S. Haldane (Haldane's Principle) 65
18. Jack Kilby (Integrated Circuit) 69
19. Jayant Vishnu Narlikar (Astrophysicist) 73
20. John Bardeen (Transistor) 76
21. Jonas Salk (Polio vaccine) 80
22. Linus Pauling (Chemical Bond) 84
23. Louis Jean Pasteur (Pasteurisation) 88
24. M. S. Swaminathan (Father of Green Revolution) 92
25. Meghnad Saha (Saha Equation) 97
26. Niels Bohr (Bohr's Model) 100
27. Nikola Tesla (Alternating Current) 104
28. Norman Borlaug (Agricultural Scientist) 108
29. P. C. Mahalanobis (Mahalanobis Distance) 112
30. Philo Farnsworth (Electronic Television) 115
31. Raja Ramanna (Nuclear Physicist) 119
32. Robert H. Goddard (Rocket Pioneer) 123
33. Robert Noyce (Integrated Circuit) 127
34. Ronald Ross (Malaria Cure) 130
35. S. Chandrasekhar (Chandrasekhar Limit) 134
36. Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar (Magneto Chemistry) 138
37. Sigmund Freud (Father of Psychoanalysis) 142
38. Sushruta (First Cosmetic Surgeon) 145
39. Albert Szent Gyorgyi (Vitamin C) 149
40. Theodore H. Maiman (Practical Laser) 152
41. Tim Berners-Lee (Internet) 156
42. M.K. Vainu Bappu (Astronomer) 159
43. Varahamihira (Mathematician and Astrologer) 162
44. Vikram Sarabhai (Space Scientist) 165
45. Walter Brattain (Transistor) 169
46. Washington Carver (Agriculture Scientist) 173
47. William Shockley (Transistor) 177
48. Wilson Greatbatch (Implantable Heart Pacemaker) . 181
49. Wolfgang Ernst Pauli (Pauli's Principle) 185
50. Yellapragada Subba Rao (Auromycin and Hetrazan).. 188



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