Self-Organizing Natural Intelligence: Issues of Knowing, Meaning, and Complexity



Myrna Estep, quot;Self-Organizing Natural Intelligence: Issues of Knowing, Meaning, and Complexityquot;
Springer | 2006-11-22 | ISBN: 1402052758 | 359 pages | File type: PDF | 1,2 mb
Self-Organizing Natural Intelligence brings new scientific methods to intelligence research that is currently under the influence of largely classical 19th century single causal theory and method. This out-dated classical approach has resulted in the single-capacity g-theory, a quot;central processor,quot; top-down, genetically determined linguistic view of intelligence that is directly contradicted by empirical facts of human and animal studies of intelligence.

This book proposes, utilizes, and demonstrates the research superiority of a highly developed multidisciplinary theory models approach to intelligence. With conceptual tools, concepts and mathematical methods more suited to continuous, dynamic phenomena of living things, the entire scope of natural intelligence based upon empirical studies of actual human and animal experience is addressed. Results show that human and animal intelligence is largely self-organizing and emergent across a spectrum of major categories of kinds of natural intelligence, not limited to a single quot;top downquot; capacity as current proponents of the single-capacity g-theory and IQ approach support.

Contrary to the single-capacity verbal theory of intelligence, this work argues and shows evidence for three major categories of natural intelligence. Overwhelming empirical evidence is given to show that our understanding of cognition itself must be broadened to include nonverbal immediate awareness as a category of natural intelligence that is embedded within sensory and somatosensory-motor processes that make possible yet another category of intelligence, knowing how.

While most current theories of intelligence assume that the mind is entirely computational, and also assume that sensation is cognitively quot;neutral,quot; having no intentionality, here empirical evidence is presented from numerous clinical studies showing that certain primitive sensory processes are not cognitively neutral, nor do they require a representational language interface in order to be accessible to cognitive (intelligence) processes.

This volume describes a rigorous treatment and exhaustive classification of natural intelligence while also demonstrating a more adequate scientific and mathematical approach than current statistical and psychometric approaches shoring up the out-dated and misused IQ hypothetical construct.

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